Pallet Racking Guide to Safe Storage and Terminology

Pallet Racking Guide to Safe Storage

“We all have a duty to care for the safety of ourselves, our working
colleagues and members of the public. This duty is particularly
important in the warehousing industry where everyone needs to
be safety conscious.”  

Please download our Free PDF  pallet racking Guide to Safe Storage  (Click here to view the pdf)

Racking Terminology

Common components of selective rack include the following:

  •  Load beams (also called step beams or box beams).Most step beams are roll formed members with a 1⅝” step along the top inside edge. This step is used to hold any load support components such as pallet supports or wire decks.
  • Box beams have no inset step, instead have four flat sides like a box. All load beams typically mount onto an upright frame column with integral rivets or hooks. Some systems utilize an extra clip or bolt to lock the beam to the upright.
  • Structural beams are hot formed structural C shapes with connecting clips at either end. Structural load beams are generally used with structural uprights but can be used with standard roll formed uprights. Structural load beams offer heavier weight capacities than step beams or box beams.
Dexion Beams

Dexion box and open sections

Upright frames (also called upright columns or uprights) vary in size and design depending on load requirements, and styles. The most common upright column is produced by roll forming flat coil stock steel into a modified “C” shape with returns. This style is often called open-back roll-formed columns. Holes or slots are punched during manufacturing up and down the column at standard intervals so that the load beams can be mounted into the upright columns. Upright frames can also be constructed utilizing structural C shapes for columns. Structural uprights have an increased weight capacity over roll formed uprights.

Dexion Racking Frame

Dexion Racking Frame

 #2  Diagonal braces and horizontal braces, commonly called upright frame lacing is usually welded between two upright columns to form selective upright frames.

#3   Footplates, also known as footpads or baseplates, are at the base of columns and serve as anchors to give the rack more stability: anchor bolts are inserted through the baseplate’s holes to attach the column to the concrete floor. Footplates are made of thicker steel and in some geographic locations, they must be of a certain size and seismic rating. Footpads increase the pallet rack’s overall stability and weight-bearing capacity.

Shims (below) are used when the uprights are resting on uneven floors; the shims, equal in size to the base of the uprights, are installed beneath the uprights to level the rack.

Dexion Racking Frame shim

Dexion Racking Frame shim

Row spacers are sometimes used if uprights are arranged in back-to-back rows; the spacers are mounted between adjacent columns to make sure that the rows are kept straight and to give the pallet racks even more strength and steadiness, also used to mount the in rack sprinkler systems.

Racking frame spacer

Racking frame spacer

Racking Accessories

Column protectors, also known as post protectors, are protective shields that can be installed around the base of an upright to reduce damage where forklifts might hit the upright. Damage to the base of a column can weaken the entire frame and could cause it to collapse. Column protectors are made of various materials such as polyethylene, ductile iron casting, and other durable materials.

Racking Column Guard

Racking Column Guard


plastic Snap-on-guard

plastic Snap-on-guard

Guard rails are installed to increase protection for upright columns and for human safety when platforms or steps are attached to pallet racks.

pallet racking Rack End protectrs

pallet racking Rack End protects

Pallet supports bars are roll formed channels that are placed front to back between the load beams to support pallets.

Dexion pallet support bar

Dexion pallet support bar

Wire decking is commonly used as a safety measure on selective pallet rack to prevent pallets or the products stored on them from falling through the rack structure. Wire mesh decking comes in various thicknesses and mesh dimensions. Wire mesh construction also allows for easy identification of shelf contents and prevents dirt and other debris from accumulating on the shelves because of the holes in the mesh. Most wire mesh decking has U-shaped channel supports, also known as struts, to support the load. With this waterfall decking, the wire mesh extends across the top and down the front of the beam to provide more support, and is more desirable in the marketplace. Reverse waterfall decking can give containment of a loose product to prevent the product from falling behind the rack system.

2012-mesh-panel-news

Timber  decking rests inside the beams. Slated pine panels placed between the pallet racking beams support small goods or undersized pallets.

timber Decking for pallet racking

timber Decking for pallet racking

Waste Management

Racksack

Racksack

  • Easy collection of waste
  • Easy to fix, easy to remove
  • Helps waste segregation
  • Hard-wearing & re-usable

Waste management problems are easily solved with the racksack. Suitable for most warehouse racking systems, the racksack quickly fixes to the end of your racking system.

The racksack is designed for most racking and shelving systems between 900mm and 1100mm. Once full, racksacks can be removed and emptied with ease.

The racksack has been thoughtfully developed so that it will not intrude into valuable warehouse space. When hung it has a large open mouth to easily receive waste, yet its tapered design enables it to hardly encroach into the floor area.

Originally designed for the warehouse the racksack’s flexible method of ‘S’ locator fixing means it can be hung over or hooked onto any substrate. That’s why the racksack has quickly established itself a place in other industrial areas such as factories, offices or anywhere where waste has become a problem.

Made from tough waterproof polyester the racksack can adequately withstand the rigours of an industrial environment.Three strong handles are woven into the edge of the sack, one on each side for carrying and one on the base, so that the can be easily tilted from the base and emptied
 

There are 10 design options available, nine printed waste segregation options plus a completely blank sack

RackSack

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